NIPPON ONKYO SEIKI KK (Japan Sound Precision Co., Ltd.) is founded in 1947 in Osaka and in business of 35mm and 70/35mm projection systems. The Japanese name of the company is abbreviated to Nichion. That’s why the English business name is NICHION CO., LTD.
Only the projector heads are made by KOTOBUKI KOGYO KK (KOTOBUKI INDUSTRY CO., LTD.). The rest are made and also all are assembled by Nichion.
In 1958, the company developed the NA-2 and NA-5 PHIREX models. The NA-5 model transferred to TOSHIBA PHOTO PHONE CO., LTD. and the model has become TP-10.
Their Xenon lamphouses are branded as Cineron.
The NA PHIREX series and CROWN are made under the patents of RCA PHOTOPHONE.
Probably, Nichion, was one of the most exported Japanese brand in the 60’s, as well as the short-term manufacturer. (NORTH AMERICAN NICHION CO. in Seattle, WA a division of the Kinoshita & Co., Ltd. was the distributor in the U.S. In April 1963, they had announced that they will distribute the Nichion CROWN-S 70/35mm projection equipment.)
Nippon Eiga Shizai KK NES (Japan Cinema Materials Co., Ltd.) is established in September 1950 for sale of Mazda and Matsuda arc carbons as well as NESARC lamphouses by TOSHIBA CERAMICS CO., LTD., an affiliate of Toshiba Corp. (later back to its old name TOSHIBA PHOTO PHONE CO., LTD. in May 1967, and took over the old name of the parent company TOSHIBA DENKO CO., LTD. in July 1981).
They bought the business rights, R&D Dept. and manufacturing machinery from Nichion in August 1966. For the manufacturing, Nippon Denshi Seiki KK (Japan Electronic Precision Co., Ltd.) is formed.
Merged with Nippon Denshi Seiki KK in April 1973.
They also offered Nichion’s projectors as TP 70/35mm “CROWN” and TP200V 35mm (based on NA-10) along with their own design as TP-102 16/35mm “DUAL”. Finally, they marketed the TP-11 35mm projector of compact and modern design.
The lamphouses are named as Mazda.
PHOTO PHONE is related to RCA PHOTOPHONE.
The original Nichion CROWN photos courtesy of my friend Mr. Jonathan Froes, Glendale, AZ