Fuji Central FV-200-PC digitally-controlled projector

fujicentral_logo VICTOR_logo

FV-200-PC is a 35mm digitally-controlled projector, intending to the sync projection by SMPTE Timecode that supports the new media, being equipped with the pulse-driven electric element, the high resolution zoom lens, and the pulse lighting Xenon lamp. It has the stable screen and the high quality image that can be projected with the conventional 35mm film as well. Furthermore, it is compact and lightweight, and the noise reduction is achieved.

Fuji Central FV-200-PC

Specifications

PROJECTION MECHANISM

Model 35mm digitally-controlled projector

Aperture mask Horizontal masking,

HDTV 11.80X21.00mm

SD 15.30X21.00mm

VV 11.30X21.00mm

CS 18.16X21.00mm

Film trap Curved type, 200g or less single pressure

Shutter Conical, rotation speed 2880rpm

Lens holder 71.8mm DIA.

Focusing Micro drive type

Framing interface 1/4 frames preceding method by intermittent sprocket rotation angle

Film speed 24fps (Power supply synchronization)

Film transport motor DC servomotor, synced to intermittent sprocket motor

Start-up time Within 3 seconds

Screen unsteadiness Less than 1.5/1000

Projection angle +5°, -10°

Film safety device Film break detection (aperture side), film break and film vertical split detection (winding side)

OPTICAL SIGNAL PICKUP

Rotation stabilizing system Tight loop system

Slit lens X-11 type 1-MIL

Exciter lamp DC10V, 5A

Photoelectric conversion element Silicon blue cell, Stereo type

Wow and flutter Within 0.2% WRMS

Output level 1V p-p, 1kΩ (XLR-3-32 balanced type)

Frequency characteristics 63Hz~12.5kHz within ±1.5dB

THE LIGHT SOURCE UNIT

Lamp used 2kW Pulse lighting Xenon lamp

XP-2000 / H-OL (Toshiba)

Lighting system Horizontal

Cooling system Forced cooling by the cooling fan motor

Light collecting mirror 260mm DIA. ellipsoidal mirror

Heat wave filter 800nm heat-reflecting mirror

Total luminous flux 14,000lumens or more

PROJECTION LENS UNIT

Focal length 75- 150mm 2X zoom

Resolution Center 100 lines, left and right 80 lines

Coating Multi-coating

WINDING MECHANISM

Film capacity 2,000feet (20 minutes)

Reel shaft 12.7mm (½-inch)

Winding motor DC Servo motor

Continuous control Control system potentiometer

POWER SUPPLY

Power supply voltage AC100V, 50/60 Hz

Power consumption Main body portion 500VA, Servo control section 2,500VA

WEIGHT

Main body portion 160kg, Servo control section 110kg

For performance improvement, the standards, appearance, etc. are subject to change without notice.

Patents pending

SANWA GENERAL projectors

GENERAL_logo

GENERAL projectors were made by SANWA SEIKI SEISAKUSHO. They have opened a head office and a factory in Sapporo, as well as a factory in Tokyo in 1958. Also, there was a branch office in Sendai. The head office in Sapporo was active until 1961. Probably, they have closed the head office in Sapporo and moved it to Tokyo in 1967.

The design of the projection head, spool boxes and pedestal is the same with the Fuji Central equipment except the framing knob is one-way.

GENERAL

SANWA GENERAL with Epoch soundhead and Suplex lamphouse (Photo by Motoharu Katoh)

Suplex lamphouses were made by JAPAN PROJECTION EQUIPMENT CO.

GENERALl head

GENERAL head (Photo by Yosuke Nagayoshi)

Epoch soundhead

Epoch soundhead (Photo by Yosuke Nagayoshi)

Information kindly provided by my friend Mr. Yosuke Nagayoshi, Tokyo.

CINEFORWARD Models

CINEFORWARD MODELS

Series

FPD

FSD

FC-5000

FX-5570

Head Series

FC-10

FCT-10

FC-20

FC-20T

FCT-10

Model Prefix

FPD-

FSD-

FC-PD-

FC-SD-

FSD-

Updated Designations

FC-20

FC-SD-

Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha)

Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) was manufacturing projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names before their projectors were branded as FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) and the company name was changed to NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD.

ROYAL FALCON 35 DELUXE

Royal FALCON 35 DELUXE

CINEMA 35mm

CINEMA 35mm

Japanese copies, inspirations (early designs) and imported components

* Foreign:

AEG (GERMANY) > Ko-on (different appearance), Central/Fuji Central (similar mechanism)

ERNEMANN (GERMANY) > Excellent, Mikuni, Royal, Rola, New Star (nearly exact copies)

RCA (U.S.A.) > Nichion [Patented], TP (TOSHIBA PHOTO PHONE) [Patented], NIVICO (JVC) [owns rights]

Century (U.S.A.) > Daiichi Onkyo (soundheads only) [Imported genuinely]

Simplex (U.S.A.) > Rola, Nissey (different mechanism)

GAUMONT-KALEE (U.K.) > SUPER (FUJI DENKI KOGYO)

* Domestic:

Royal > CINEFORWARD

Central/Fuji Central > General, Tokiwa

Tokiwa related nameplates

Some nameplates used on the Tokiwa projectors

Brief facts about manufacturers

Brief Tokiwa facts:

Established in June 1951 as TOKIWA SEIKI CO., LTD. (Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) by Shotaro Ishida (a mechanical engineer, War-time tank and airplane designer)
Renamed as TOKIWA CO., LTD. (Kabushiki Kaisha Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) in May 1983
T-54 portable is introduced in 1951 (first exported to India)
TSS series are introduced in 1958 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70’s)
T-60 portable is introduced in 1960 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70’s)
TSR series are introduced in 1975
Cylindrical shutters are replaced by conical ones in 1985
TSR-MARK II is introduced in 1987

The manufacturer discontinued the projector business unfortunately.

Some shots of the TOKIWA PROJECTOR FACTORY in Tokyo (by Erkan Umut)

TOKIWA Factory

A 45° view of the old TOKIWA PROJECTOR FACTORY (Later it was the warehouse of the company, then demolished and it’s a parking lot now.)

Brief CINEFORWARD facts:

Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) established in October 1965 by Hideo Takahashi (a mechanical engineer, former KOMITZ KOGYO service engineer)
Manufactured projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names
Renamed as NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD. (Nippon Denshi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha) in October 1981 and manufactured projectors under the FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) brand-name

The manufacturer went bankrupt in 2012 unfortunately.

Some shots of the NDK FACTORY in Toda, Saitama-pref. (by NDK)

Central_logo  ARCS_logo VICTOR_logo PHOTOPHONE VICTOR_logo

Brief Fuji Central (Hi Central) facts:

After WWII – Nakajima Aircraft Co., Ltd. was dissolved in 1945. It was divided up into many small companies. One of them, Fuji Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. was established in 1947.

Japan Victor Co. (JVC) has projector equipment manufactured the Fuji Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. (its subcontractor was Hiraoka Kogyo(sho) Co., Ltd.) and SANSHA ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING CO., LTD. in 1948. That year, the very first Central projector F-1 was born, and SANSHA released the selenium rectifiers for the F type projectors. Fuji Central F-4 was manufactured in 1950.

The projector line was distributed by TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY CO., LTD., VICTOR SOUND EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. (later renamed as VICTOR ARCS CO., LTD.) just after its foundation in March 1960. At that time, the new company is merged with TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY.

Fuji Precision Machinery has leaved the projectors business around 1960, and manufacturing was continued by Hiraoka Kogyo(sho).

Additional historic information can be found here Fuji Central and NIVICO sound projectors.

The manufacturer doesn’t exist anymore unfortunately.

Some shots from the HIRAOKA KOGYO FACTORY in Hanno, Saitama-pref. (by HK)

Some shots of the HIRAOKA KOGYO FACTORY in Hanno, Saitama-pref. (by HK)

CINEFORWARD 35-70 mm and 35mm 8-perf. projectors

TOSHIBA DENKO TP-7000 (made by NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU/CINEFORWARD)

TOSHIBA DENKO TP-7000 (made by NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU/CINEFORWARD)

CINEFORWARD 35-70 mm projectors were supplied on special order.

Specifications

Power Supply
Line Voltage(s): 100/240V for Projector/Soundhead
100/240V for Sound System
220/420V, 3Ø for Arc Rectifier(s)
Frequency: 50/60Hz (c/s)
Power Consumption: 400 VA for Projectors/Soundheads
240 VA for Sound System
10 KVA for Arc Rectifier(s)
Projector
Film Format: 70 mm/35-70 mm Compatible/35 mm
Projection Lens Holder Inner-diameter: 101 mm
Cooling Device: Water/Forced Air
Shutter: Conical, 2 Sectors
Magazine Capacity: 1800 m max.
Lubrication: Automatic
Sound Mechanism
Soundhead: Optical/Magnetic
Exciter Lamp: 10 V, 5 A, DC
Photo Detector: SOLAR-CELL
Drive Motor: Induction/Synchronous Type, 0.2 kVA/HP
Amplifier(s)
Max. Power output Undistorted: 200 W ea.
Speaker System
Woofer Driver Unit(s): PM/38 cm Dia. X 1, or 2
Tweeter Driver Unit(s): PM/ 70, mm Diaphragm, Metallic
Baffles: For Woofer- 110(H) x 79(W) X 62 (D) cm
For Tweeter- Wooden/Metallic;
Opening 35(H) X 75(W) X 60(D) cm
Cross-over Frequency: 1000 Hz (c/s)
Arc Lamphouse: Xenon
Main Reflector: 400 mm Ø F 900
Max. Arc Current: 140 A, DC/ AC 38 V
Cooling: Water/Forced Air
Type of Carbon Trim: Angular/Horizontal
Xenon Lamp Used: Max. Ratings – 6.5 kW, 41 V, 160 A
Operating Position – Horizontal
Remote Control: Yes
Physical Dimensions of Projector installed: 219(H) X 160(W) X 70(D) cm
Weight of projectors Assembled, exclusion Amplifiers and Speakers: 750 kg/set

CINEFORWARD 35-8p

CINEFORWARD 35-8p Horizontal-drive 35mm 8-perf. 

Projectors from the past

DAIICHI SOUND [DAIICHI ONKYO] – Tokyo

[Soundheads only]

Daiichi Onkyo HI VI with the imported Century head, magnetic sound penthouse and spool boxes

SAKURADA SEIKI (SEISAKUSHO)/EMINEX SEIKI – Tokyo

Distributor: SAKURADA EIKI – Tokyo

NIPPON DENKI KOGYO made under the NEW Eminex brand

WORLD SAKURADA_logo

World Eminex S-30-C

NEW Eminex

A NEW Eminex set in a museum in Taiwan

FUJI DENKI KOGYO – Amagasaki

Distributor: FUJI TRADING – Kobe (The agent of ZEISS IKON in Japan)

SUPER B-8

Fuji SUPER F-10

SUPER F-10

GOHO INDUSTRIAL [GOHO KOGYO] – Tokyo

[Ancillary equipment only]

 

GENERAL projector head and spool boxes seen with Epoch penthouse, M-30 soundhead and Deluxe pedestal

KONO-TONE LABORATORY – Tokyo

KONO-TONE

INTANASHONARU SEIKI – Tokyo

NOMURA INDUSTRY – Tokyo

KOKUSAI SEIKI – Tokyo

Distributors: NANAO SEIKI – Tokyo, YANAGIYA SOUND – Tokyo

International D-5

International D-6

International D-6 70/35mm

TOKYO INSTRUMENT CO./TOKYO AIRCRAFT INST.

newStar I

newStar_head

newStar I head (based on ZEISS IKON ERNEMANN V)

newStar SP-1 head and nameplate

newStar SP-1 head and nameplate

newStar III

CENTER

Center CS-A8 (8.1953)

Center CS-A8

A series of pictures shot in an exhibition in Japan (They represent the stand pictures of the 35mm projector manufacturers/distributors only, the 50’s)

Some other notable manufacturers/distributors (*):

CHUO EIKI MFG. – Hiroshima
INOSE EIKI – Tokyo
JAPAN XEBEX – Tokyo
MIKUNI EIKI SEISAKUSHO/YOKO SHOKAI – Tokyo
MINAGAWA DENKI KOGYO – Osaka (16mm)
NIHON SAKIKI – Tokyo
NIKKO DENKI – Tokyo (16mm)
NIPPON (NIHON) HIKARIKI
NIPPON KO-ON KOGYO – Tokyo (16mm & 35mm)
NISSEY (FILM-)PROJECTOR – (Osaka), Hiroshima
SEIKI SEISAKUSHO – Tokyo
TAIYO HASSEI – Tokyo
TAKAGI SHOTEN – Osaka (Excellent)
TOA ELECTRIC – Kobe
TOEI – Tokyo (BELL/LEO/16mm)
TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY
USHIO U-TECH – Tokyo
YAMATO EIKI – Tokyo

(*) Those are the manufacturers not mentioned in other posts on this Blog.

The Romaji equivalents of their original names without the types of business operation such as KK Kabushiki Kaisha or YG Yugen Kaisha CO., LTD., Corp. or Inc.; Goshi Kaisha Limited Partnership or JSC

Tokiwa SUPER TSR-MARK II Full automatic projector

This model is the only model of the long-playing projectors Tokiwa made utilizing the co-axial spool design. Some other and later designs utilize the conventional collateral spool designs.

SUPER TSR-MARK II Specifications

Drive type: Forward/reverse
Film speed: 24 or 25 fps (24~30 fps reverse)
Lens holder: 2 or 3-lens automatic change
Aperture: Automatic change
Show time control: Content programming interface
Lubrication system: Automatic oiling
Stabilization system: Rotary stabilizer
Exciter lamp: Double 10VDC/5A
Wow and flutter: 0.015% or less
Cooling system: Water
Shutter: Conical