Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) was manufacturing projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names before their projectors were branded as FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) and the company name was changed to NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD.
AEG (GERMANY) > Central/Fuji Central
ERNEMANN (GERMANY) > Excellent, Mikuni, Royal, Rola, New Star
RCA (U.S.A.) > Nichion (TOSHIBA PHOTO PHONE), NIVICO (JVC)
Century (U.S.A.) > Daiichi Onkyo (soundheads only)
Simplex (U.S.A.) > Rola
GAUMONT-KALEE (U.K.) > Fuji Trading
Royal > CINEFORWARD
Central/Fuji Central > General, Tokiwa
Brief Tokiwa facts:
Established in June 1951 as TOKIWA SEIKI CO., LTD. (Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) by Shotaro Ishida (a mechanical engineer, War-time tank and airplane designer)
Renamed as TOKIWA CO., LTD. (Kabushiki Kaisha Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) in May 1983
T-54 portable is introduced in 1951 (first exported to India)
TSS series are introduced in 1958 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70′s)
T-60 portable is introduced in 1960 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70′s)
TSR series are introduced in 1975
Cylindrical shutters are replaced by conical ones in 1985
TSR-MARK II is introduced in 1987
The manufacturer discontinued the projector business unfortunately.
Brief CINEFORWARD facts:
Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) established in October 1965 by Hideo Takahashi (a mechanical engineer, former KOMITZ KOGYO service engineer)
Manufactured projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names
Renamed as NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD. (Nippon Denshi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha) in October 1981 and manufactured projectors under the FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) brand-name
The manufacturer went bankrupt in 2012 unfortunately.
Brief Fuji Central (Hi Central) facts:
After WWII – Nakajima Aircraft Co., Ltd. was dissolved in 1945. It was divided up into many small companies. One of them, FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO K.K. [FUJI PRECISION INDUSTRIES CO., LTD. - English name was Fuji Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. on the projectors] was established in 1947.
Japan Victor Co. (JVC) has projector equipment manufactured the FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO (its subcontractor was HIRAOKA KOGYO(SHO) K.K. [HIRAOKA INDUSTRY CO., LTD.]) and K.K. SANSHA DENKI SEISAKUSHO [SANSHA ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.] in 1948. That year, the very first Central projector F-1 was born, and SANSHA released the selenium rectifiers for the F type projectors. Fuji Central F-4 was manufactured in 1950. The projector line was distributed and exported by TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY CO., LTD.
FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO has leaved the projectors business around 1960, and manufacturing was continued by HIRAOKA KOGYO.
JVC was transferred the projector line to VICTOR SOUND INDUSTRY CO., LTD. (later VICTOR SOUND EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. and VICTOR ARCS CO., LTD. respectively) just after its foundation in March 1960. At that time, the new company is merged with TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY CO., LTD.
The manufacturer doesn’t exist anymore unfortunately.
CINEFORWARD 35-70 mm projectors were supplied on special order.
Line Voltage(s): 100/240V for Projector/Soundhead
100/240V for Sound System
220/420V, 3Ø for Arc Rectifier(s)
Frequency: 50/60Hz (c/s)
Power Consumption: 400 VA for Projectors/Soundheads
240 VA for Sound System
10 KVA for Arc Rectifier(s)
Film Format: 70 mm/35-70 mm Compatible/35 mm
Projection Lens Holder Inner-diameter: 101 mm
Cooling Device: Water/Forced Air
Shutter: Conical, 2 Sectors
Magazine Capacity: 1800 m max.
Exciter Lamp: 10 V, 5 A, DC
Photo Detector: SOLAR-CELL
Drive Motor: Induction/Synchronous Type, 0.2 kVA/HP
Max. Power output Undistorted: 200 W ea.
Woofer Driver Unit(s): PM/38 cm Dia. X 1, or 2
Tweeter Driver Unit(s): PM/ 70, mm Diaphragm, Metallic
Baffles: For Woofer- 110(H) x 79(W) X 62 (D) cm
For Tweeter- Wooden/Metallic;
Opening 35(H) X 75(W) X 60(D) cm
Cross-over Frequency: 1000 Hz (c/s)
Arc Lamphouse: Xenon
Main Reflector: 400 mm Ø F 900
Max. Arc Current: 140 A, DC/ AC 38 V
Cooling: Water/Forced Air
Type of Carbon Trim: Angular/Horizontal
Xenon Lamp Used: Max. Ratings – 6.5 kW, 41 V, 160 A
Operating Position – Horizontal
Remote Control: Yes
Physical Dimensions of Projector installed: 219(H) X 160(W) X 70(D) cm
Weight of projectors Assembled, exclusion Amplifiers and Speakers: 750 kg/set
DAIICHI SOUND CO., LTD. [DAIICHI ONKYO K.K.] – Tokyo
EMINEX SEIKI CO., LTD. – Tokyo
NIPPON DENKI KOGYO CO., LTD. made under the New Eminex brand
FUJI TRADING CO., LTD. – Kobe (The distributor of ZEISS IKON AG in Japan)
GOHO INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. [GOHO KOGYO K.K.] – Tokyo
[Ancillary equipment only]
KONO-TONE LABORATORY – Tokyo
SHITIO SEIKI CO., LTD. – Tokyo
TOKYO AIRCRAFT INST. CO., LTD. [TOKYO KOKU KEIKI K.K.] - Tokyo
Some other notable manufacturers/distributors (*):
|CHUO EIKI SEISAKUSHO – Hiroshima|
|FUJI DENKI KOGYO (Super)|
|FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO|
|INOSE EIKI – Tokyo|
|MIKUNI EIKI SEISAKUSHO|
|MINAGAWA DENKI KOGYO (16mm)|
|NIPPON (NIHON) HIKARIKI|
|NISSEY EISHAKI – Osaka|
|NOMURA KOGYO – Tokyo|
|SAKURADA SEIKI SEISAKUSHO|
|SEIKI SEISAKUSHO – Tokyo|
|TAIYO HASSEI – Tokyo|
|TAKAGI SHOTEN (Excellent)|
|TOA DENKI – Kobe|
|TOEI – Tokyo (LEO/16mm)|
|TOKYO SHIATA SAPURAI (TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY)|
|YAMATO EIKI – Tokyo|
(*) Those are the manufacturers not mentioned in other posts on this Blog.
The Romaji equivalents of their original names without the types of business operation (mainly K.K., Kabushiki Kaisha; CO., LTD., Corp., Inc. or JSC in English)
This model is the only model of the long-playing projectors Tokiwa made utilizing the co-axial spool design. Some other and later designs utilize the conventional collateral spool designs.
SUPER TSR-MARK II Specifications
Drive type: Forward/reverse
Film speed: 24 or 25 fps (24~30 fps reverse)
Lens holder: 2 or 3-lens automatic change
Aperture: Automatic change
Show time control: Content programming interface
Lubrication system: Automatic oiling
Stabilization system: Rotary stabilizer
Exciter lamp: Double 10VDC/5A
Wow and flutter: 0.015% or less
Cooling system: Water
HOKUSHIN means North Polestar in Japanese. The 16mm portable SC series made a very good reputation in Japan and some other countries, including the Netherlands and Germany, just after the CANARY manual threading model in 60s and 70s. Even in Germany, DEMOLUX has made SC-10 projectors under the ELMO Patents. SC-10 and 11 use the CIRCLOADING auto threading method along with the guide numbers (1-2-3) for completing the steps required, which is a unique system using a threading arm loads the film circularly.
Although they had made 16mm stationary projectors, too, they were not so popular like the EIKI and ELMO projectors in the world.
YOKOGAWA bought all rights of projectors with the same brand-name from HOKUSHIN ELECTRIC WORKS, LTD. (later HOKUSHIN PRECISION CO., LTD.) in Tokyo.
These X series with Xenon lamps are based on the SC-210 model.
ELMO was founded in 1921 as SAKAKI SHOKAI (SAKAKI Co.) in Nagoya by Hidenobu Sakaki.
The company released its first 16mm projector Type A in 1927, the first such projector manufactured in Japan.
It was renamed GK ELMO-SHA (ELMO Partnership) in 1933, and later, was incorporated as KK ELMO-SHA (ELMO CO., LTD.) in 1949.
ELMO stands for Electricity Light Machine Organization.
ELMO is a worldwide known brand of 16mm portable projectors since many years. While the EIKI stationary projectors are so popular in the world, the ELMO stationary projectors are less known outside Japan.
16-F: Magnetic and optical – 16-FS: Optical only – 16-FR: Magnetic and optical, plus magnetic recording
The LX-1100 model is also available.
Power supply: Single phase AC 100-260V, 50 or 60Hz LX-1100; Single phase AC 200-260V, 50 or 60Hz LX-2200
Power consumption: 3.4KVA LX-1100; 4.6KVA LX-2200
Film: 16mm optical and magnetic sound films and 16mm optical sound film recorded with laser recording system, plus 16mm optical stereo/2-track sound films (LX-2200 only)
Projection speed: 24 fps
Reverse projection: Possible
Remote projection: Possible (with optional remote control)
Changeover projection: Possible (with optional connection cable)
Rewinding: High-speed rewinding without changing over reels
Film break interlock switch: Provided. In case film breaks during projection by accident, projector stops automatically.
Hour meter: Built-in
Loop restorer: Automatic
Reel capacity: 1800 m (6000 ft)
Tilting: -15° to +5°
Projector body: Substantially casting aluminum alloy and steel sheet
Projection lamp: 1000W Ozone-free Xenon-arc lamp LX-1100; 2000W Ozone-free Xenon-arc lamp LX-2200
Lamp current: Max. 50A LX-1100; Max. 80A LX-2200
Light condensing system: Multi-reflective with Oval mirror and Cold mirror installed in the lamphouse
Projection lens: F/1.2 f-50mm Elmo projection lens as standard (Available a variety of projection lenses as option)
Film transport mechanism: 3 sprockets; Intermittent film feeding apparatus provided with shutter and installed in a casing having therein Quadruple cam/Cylinder cam/Film transmitting claw/Gears; Film sending reel-arm; and Film winding device. Grease lubrication system. Automatic loop setter provided. Capable for reverse film-feeding.
Xenon-arc lamp actuator: Generator for high voltage with high frequency ampere controller and monitor ammeter, which are built in the projector body.
Exciter lamp: 4V-0.75A DC
Amplifier: Pre/Main amplifier 1 pc. LX-1100; Pre/Main amplifier 2 pcs. LX-2200
Aux output: 600 ohms balanced type, -15 dBm to +6 dBm
Aux input: 10 K-ohms, -20 dB to 0 dB
Speaker output: 8ohms 50W (Max. 60W) LX-1100; 8 ohms 50W + 50W (Max. 60W + 60W) LX-2200
Level indication: LED (Light Emitting Diode)
Tone control: Treble and Bass separate control
Public address: Possible
Noise-reducer terminal: Provided. (LX-2200 only)
Monitor speaker: Built-in 12cm speaker
Main: Synchronous motor 1 pc.
Film take-up/rewind: Torque motor 2 pcs.
Cooling: Induction motor 4 pcs.
Dimensions: 174 X 49 X 38 cm (68.5 X 19.3 X 15.0 in.)
Weight: 110 kgs. (243 lbs.) LX-1100; 120 kgs. (265 lbs.) LX-2200
and ALR (Recording)