Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) was manufacturing projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names before their projectors were branded as FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) and the company name was changed to NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD.
AEG (GERMANY) > Central/Fuji Central
ERNEMANN (GERMANY) > Excellent, Mikuni, Royal, Rola, New Star
RCA (U.S.A.) > Nichion (TOSHIBA PHOTO PHONE), NIVICO (JVC)
Century (U.S.A.) > Daiichi Onkyo (soundheads only)
Simplex (U.S.A.) > Rola
GAUMONT-KALEE (U.K.) > Fuji Trading
Royal > CINEFORWARD
Central/Fuji Central > General, Tokiwa
Brief Tokiwa facts:
Established in June 1951 as TOKIWA SEIKI CO., LTD. (Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) by Shotaro Ishida (a mechanical engineer, War-time tank and airplane designer)
Renamed as TOKIWA CO., LTD. (Kabushiki Kaisha Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) in May 1983
T-54 portable is introduced in 1951 (first exported to India)
TSS series are introduced in 1958 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70’s)
T-60 portable is introduced in 1960 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70’s)
TSR series are introduced in 1975
Cylindrical shutters are replaced by conical ones in 1985
TSR-MARK II is introduced in 1987
The manufacturer discontinued the projector business unfortunately.
Brief CINEFORWARD facts:
Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) established in October 1965 by Hideo Takahashi (a mechanical engineer, former KOMITZ KOGYO service engineer)
Manufactured projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names
Renamed as NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD. (Nippon Denshi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha) in October 1981 and manufactured projectors under the FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) brand-name
The manufacturer went bankrupt in 2012 unfortunately.
Brief Fuji Central (Hi Central) facts:
After WWII – Nakajima Aircraft Co., Ltd. was dissolved in 1945. It was divided up into many small companies. One of them, FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO K.K. [FUJI PRECISION INDUSTRIES CO., LTD. - English name was Fuji Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. on the projectors] was established in 1947.
Japan Victor Co. (JVC) has projector equipment manufactured the FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO (its subcontractor was HIRAOKA KOGYO(SHO) K.K. [HIRAOKA INDUSTRY CO., LTD.]) and K.K. SANSHA DENKI SEISAKUSHO [SANSHA ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.] in 1948. That year, the very first Central projector F-1 was born, and SANSHA released the selenium rectifiers for the F type projectors. Fuji Central F-4 was manufactured in 1950. The projector line was distributed and exported by TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY CO., LTD.
FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO has leaved the projectors business around 1960, and manufacturing was continued by HIRAOKA KOGYO.
JVC was transferred the projector line to VICTOR SOUND INDUSTRY CO., LTD. (later VICTOR SOUND EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. and VICTOR ARCS CO., LTD. respectively) just after its foundation in March 1960. At that time, the new company is merged with TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY CO., LTD.
The manufacturer doesn’t exist anymore unfortunately.
CINEFORWARD 35-70 mm projectors were supplied on special order.
Line Voltage(s): 100/240V for Projector/Soundhead
100/240V for Sound System
220/420V, 3Ø for Arc Rectifier(s)
Frequency: 50/60Hz (c/s)
Power Consumption: 400 VA for Projectors/Soundheads
240 VA for Sound System
10 KVA for Arc Rectifier(s)
Film Format: 70 mm/35-70 mm Compatible/35 mm
Projection Lens Holder Inner-diameter: 101 mm
Cooling Device: Water/Forced Air
Shutter: Conical, 2 Sectors
Magazine Capacity: 1800 m max.
Exciter Lamp: 10 V, 5 A, DC
Photo Detector: SOLAR-CELL
Drive Motor: Induction/Synchronous Type, 0.2 kVA/HP
Max. Power output Undistorted: 200 W ea.
Woofer Driver Unit(s): PM/38 cm Dia. X 1, or 2
Tweeter Driver Unit(s): PM/ 70, mm Diaphragm, Metallic
Baffles: For Woofer- 110(H) x 79(W) X 62 (D) cm
For Tweeter- Wooden/Metallic;
Opening 35(H) X 75(W) X 60(D) cm
Cross-over Frequency: 1000 Hz (c/s)
Arc Lamphouse: Xenon
Main Reflector: 400 mm Ø F 900
Max. Arc Current: 140 A, DC/ AC 38 V
Cooling: Water/Forced Air
Type of Carbon Trim: Angular/Horizontal
Xenon Lamp Used: Max. Ratings – 6.5 kW, 41 V, 160 A
Operating Position – Horizontal
Remote Control: Yes
Physical Dimensions of Projector installed: 219(H) X 160(W) X 70(D) cm
Weight of projectors Assembled, exclusion Amplifiers and Speakers: 750 kg/set
DAIICHI SOUND CO., LTD. [DAIICHI ONKYO K.K.] – Tokyo
EMINEX SEIKI CO., LTD. – Tokyo
NIPPON DENKI KOGYO CO., LTD. made under the New Eminex brand
FUJI TRADING CO., LTD. – Kobe (The distributor of ZEISS IKON AG in Japan)
GOHO INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. [GOHO KOGYO K.K.] – Tokyo
[Ancillary equipment only]
KONO-TONE LABORATORY – Tokyo
SHITIO SEIKI CO., LTD. – Tokyo
TOKYO AIRCRAFT INST. CO., LTD. [TOKYO KOKU KEIKI K.K.] - Tokyo
Some other notable manufacturers/distributors (*):
|CHUO EIKI SEISAKUSHO – Hiroshima|
|FUJI DENKI KOGYO (Super)|
|FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO|
|INOSE EIKI – Tokyo|
|MIKUNI EIKI SEISAKUSHO|
|MINAGAWA DENKI KOGYO (16mm)|
|NIPPON (NIHON) HIKARIKI|
|NISSEY EISHAKI – Osaka|
|NOMURA KOGYO – Tokyo|
|SAKURADA SEIKI SEISAKUSHO|
|SEIKI SEISAKUSHO – Tokyo|
|TAIYO HASSEI – Tokyo|
|TAKAGI SHOTEN (Excellent)|
|TOA DENKI – Kobe|
|TOEI – Tokyo (LEO/16mm)|
|TOKYO SHIATA SAPURAI (TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY)|
|YAMATO EIKI – Tokyo|
(*) Those are the manufacturers not mentioned in other posts on this Blog.
The Romaji equivalents of their original names without the types of business operation (mainly K.K., Kabushiki Kaisha; CO., LTD., Corp., Inc. or JSC in English)
This model is the only model of the long-playing projectors Tokiwa made utilizing the co-axial spool design. Some other and later designs utilize the conventional collateral spool designs.
SUPER TSR-MARK II Specifications
Drive type: Forward/reverse
Film speed: 24 or 25 fps (24~30 fps reverse)
Lens holder: 2 or 3-lens automatic change
Aperture: Automatic change
Show time control: Content programming interface
Lubrication system: Automatic oiling
Stabilization system: Rotary stabilizer
Exciter lamp: Double 10VDC/5A
Wow and flutter: 0.015% or less
Cooling system: Water
HOKUSHIN means North Polestar in Japanese. The 16mm portable SC series made a very good reputation in Japan and some other countries, including the Netherlands and Germany, just after the CANARY manual threading model in 60s and 70s. Even in Germany, DEMOLUX has made SC-10 projectors under the ELMO Patents. SC-10 and 11 use the CIRCLOADING auto threading method along with the guide numbers (1-2-3) for completing the steps required, which is a unique system using a threading arm loads the film circularly.
Although they had made 16mm stationary projectors, too, they were not so popular like the EIKI and ELMO projectors in the world.
YOKOGAWA bought all rights of projectors with the same brand-name from HOKUSHIN ELECTRIC WORKS, LTD. (later HOKUSHIN PRECISION CO., LTD.) in Tokyo.
These X series with Xenon lamps are based on the SC-210 model.