CINEFORWARD Models

CINEFORWARD MODELS

Series

FPD

FSD

FC-5000

FX-5570

Head Series

FC-10

FCT-10

FC-20

FC-20T

FCT-10

Model Prefix

FPD-

FSD-

FC-PD-

FC-SD-

FSD-

Updated Designations

FC-20

FC-SD-

Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha)

Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) was manufacturing projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names before their projectors were branded as FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) and the company name was changed to NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD.

ROYAL FALCON 35 DELUXE

Royal FALCON 35 DELUXE

CINEMA 35mm

CINEMA 35mm

Japanese Design Inspirations (early designs)

Foreign:

AEG (GERMANY) > Central/Fuji Central

ERNEMANN (GERMANY) > Excellent, Mikuni, Royal, Rola, New Star

RCA (U.S.A.) > Nichion (TOSHIBA PHOTO PHONE), NIVICO (JVC)

Century (U.S.A.) > Daiichi Onkyo (soundheads only)

Simplex (U.S.A.) > Rola

GAUMONT-KALEE (U.K.) > Fuji Trading

Domestic:

Royal > CINEFORWARD

Central/Fuji Central > General, Tokiwa

Tokiwa related nameplates

Some nameplates used on the Tokiwa projectors

Brief facts about manufacturers

Brief Tokiwa facts:

Established in June 1951 as TOKIWA SEIKI CO., LTD. (Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) by Shotaro Ishida (a mechanical engineer, War-time tank and airplane designer)
Renamed as TOKIWA CO., LTD. (Kabushiki Kaisha Tokiwa Seiki Seisakusho) in May 1983
T-54 portable is introduced in 1951 (first exported to India)
TSS series are introduced in 1958 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70′s)
T-60 portable is introduced in 1960 (exported to Turkey at the beginning of 70′s)
TSR series are introduced in 1975
Cylindrical shutters are replaced by conical ones in 1985
TSR-MARK II is introduced in 1987

The manufacturer is still in business fortunately…

Some shots of the TOKIWA PROJECTOR FACTORY in Tokyo (by Erkan Umut)

TOKIWA Factory

A 45° view of the TOKIWA PROJECTOR FACTORY

Brief CINEFORWARD facts:

Cinema Service, LTD. (Shinema Sabisu Kabushiki Kaisha) established in October 1965 by Hideo Takahashi (a mechanical engineer, former KOMITZ KOGYO service engineer)
Manufactured projectors under the Royal and CINEMA brand-names
Renamed as NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU CO., LTD. (Nippon Denshi Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha) in October 1981 and manufactured projectors under the FORWARD (later CINEFORWARD) brand-name

The manufacturer went bankrupt in 2012 unfortunately.

Some shots of the NDK FACTORY in Toda, Saitama-pref. (by NDK)

Central_logo  ARCS_logo

Brief Fuji Central (Hi Central) facts:

After WWII – Nakajima Aircraft Co., Ltd. was dissolved in 1945. It was divided up into many small companies. One of them, FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO K.K. [FUJI PRECISION INDUSTRIES CO., LTD. - English name was Fuji Precision Machinery Co., Ltd. on the projectors] was established in 1947.

Japan Victor Co. (JVC) has projector equipment manufactured the FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO (its subcontractor was HIRAOKA KOGYO(SHO) K.K. [HIRAOKA INDUSTRY CO., LTD.]) and K.K. SANSHA DENKI SEISAKUSHO [SANSHA ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.] in 1948. That year, the very first Central projector F-1 was born, and SANSHA released the selenium rectifiers for the F type projectors. Fuji Central F-4 was manufactured in 1950. The projector line was distributed and exported by TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY CO., LTD.

FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO has leaved the projectors business around 1960, and manufacturing was continued by HIRAOKA KOGYO.

JVC was transferred the projector line to VICTOR SOUND INDUSTRY CO., LTD. (later VICTOR SOUND EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. and VICTOR ARCS CO., LTD. respectively) just after its foundation in March 1960. At that time, the new company is merged with TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY CO., LTD.

The manufacturer doesn’t exist anymore unfortunately.

Some shots from the HIRAOKA KOGYO FACTORY in Hanno, Saitama-pref. (by HK)

Some shots of the HIRAOKA KOGYO FACTORY in Hanno, Saitama-pref. (by HK)

CINEFORWARD 35-70 mm and 35mm 8-perf. projectors

TOSHIBA DENKO TP-7000 (made by NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU/CINEFORWARD)

TOSHIBA DENKO TP-7000 (made by NIPPON DENSHI KOGAKU/CINEFORWARD)

CINEFORWARD 35-70 mm projectors were supplied on special order.

Specifications

Power Supply
Line Voltage(s): 100/240V for Projector/Soundhead
100/240V for Sound System
220/420V, 3Ø for Arc Rectifier(s)
Frequency: 50/60Hz (c/s)
Power Consumption: 400 VA for Projectors/Soundheads
240 VA for Sound System
10 KVA for Arc Rectifier(s)
Projector
Film Format: 70 mm/35-70 mm Compatible/35 mm
Projection Lens Holder Inner-diameter: 101 mm
Cooling Device: Water/Forced Air
Shutter: Conical, 2 Sectors
Magazine Capacity: 1800 m max.
Lubrication: Automatic
Sound Mechanism
Soundhead: Optical/Magnetic
Exciter Lamp: 10 V, 5 A, DC
Photo Detector: SOLAR-CELL
Drive Motor: Induction/Synchronous Type, 0.2 kVA/HP
Amplifier(s)
Max. Power output Undistorted: 200 W ea.
Speaker System
Woofer Driver Unit(s): PM/38 cm Dia. X 1, or 2
Tweeter Driver Unit(s): PM/ 70, mm Diaphragm, Metallic
Baffles: For Woofer- 110(H) x 79(W) X 62 (D) cm
For Tweeter- Wooden/Metallic;
Opening 35(H) X 75(W) X 60(D) cm
Cross-over Frequency: 1000 Hz (c/s)
Arc Lamphouse: Xenon
Main Reflector: 400 mm Ø F 900
Max. Arc Current: 140 A, DC/ AC 38 V
Cooling: Water/Forced Air
Type of Carbon Trim: Angular/Horizontal
Xenon Lamp Used: Max. Ratings – 6.5 kW, 41 V, 160 A
Operating Position – Horizontal
Remote Control: Yes
Physical Dimensions of Projector installed: 219(H) X 160(W) X 70(D) cm
Weight of projectors Assembled, exclusion Amplifiers and Speakers: 750 kg/set

CINEFORWARD 35-8p

CINEFORWARD 35-8p Horizontal-drive 35mm 8-perf. 

Projectors from the past

DAIICHI SOUND CO., LTD. [DAIICHI ONKYO K.K.] – Tokyo

[Soundheads only]

Daiichi Onkyo HI VI with the imported Century head, magnetic sound penthouse and spool boxes

EMINEX SEIKI CO., LTD. – Tokyo

NIPPON DENKI KOGYO CO., LTD. made under the New Eminex brand

World Eminex S-30-C

FUJI TRADING CO., LTD. – Kobe (The distributor of ZEISS IKON AG, Kiel in Japan)

Fuji B-8

Fuji SUPER F-10

GOHO INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. [GOHO KOGYO K.K.] – Tokyo

[Ancillary equipment only]

 

GENERAL projector head and spool boxes seen with Epoch penthouse, soundhead and Deluxe pedestal

KONO-TONE LABORATORY – Tokyo

KONO-TONE

SHITIO SEIKI CO., LTD. – Tokyo

International D-5

TOKYO AIRCRAFT INST. CO., LTD. [TOKYO KOKU KEIKI K.K.] - Tokyo

newStar

newStar_head

newStar head

newStar

CENTER

Center CS-A8 (8.1953)

Center CS-A8

A series of pictures shot in an exhibition in Japan (They represent the stand pictures of the 35mm projector manufacturers/distributors only, the 50′s)

Some other notable manufacturers/distributors (*):

CHUO EIKI SEISAKUSHO – Hiroshima
FUJI DENKI KOGYO (Super)
FUJI SEIMITSU KOGYO
INOSE EIKI – Tokyo
MIKUNI EIKI SEISAKUSHO
MINAGAWA DENKI KOGYO (16mm)
NANAO SEIKI
NIKKO DENKI
NIPPON (NIHON) HIKARIKI
NISSEY EISHAKI – Osaka
NOMURA KOGYO  – Tokyo
SAKURADA SEIKI SEISAKUSHO
SEIKI SEISAKUSHO – Tokyo
TAIYO HASSEI – Tokyo
TAKAGI SHOTEN (Excellent)
TOA DENKI – Kobe
TOEI – Tokyo (LEO/16mm)
TOKYO SHIATA SAPURAI (TOKYO THEATRE SUPPLY)
YAMATO EIKI – Tokyo

(*) Those are the manufacturers not mentioned in other posts on this Blog.

The Romaji equivalents of their original names without the types of business operation (mainly K.K., Kabushiki Kaisha; CO., LTD., Corp., Inc. or JSC in English)

Tokiwa SUPER TSR-MARK II Full automatic projector

This model is the only model of the long-playing projectors Tokiwa made utilizing the co-axial spool design. Some other and later designs utilize the conventional collateral spool designs.

SUPER TSR-MARK II Specifications

Drive type: Forward/reverse
Film speed: 24 or 25 fps (24~30 fps reverse)
Lens holder: 2 or 3-lens automatic change
Aperture: Automatic change
Show time control: Content programming interface
Lubrication system: Automatic oiling
Stabilization system: Rotary stabilizer
Exciter lamp: Double 10VDC/5A
Wow and flutter: 0.015% or less
Cooling system: Water
Shutter: Conical

HOKUSHIN CANARY, SC and X series

HOKUSHIN means North Polestar in Japanese. The 16mm portable SC series made a very good reputation in Japan and some other countries, including the Netherlands and Germany, just after the CANARY manual threading model in 60s and 70s. Even in Germany, DEMOLUX has made SC-10 projectors under the ELMO Patents. SC-10 and 11 use the CIRCLOADING auto threading method along with the guide numbers (1-2-3) for completing the steps required, which is a unique system using a threading arm loads the film circularly.

HOKUSHIN CANARY 1000W

HOKUSHIN SC-10 in a classroom in Japan

DEMOLUX 16L (aka HOKUSHIN SC-10)

CIRCLOADING at work

Thou they made 16mm stationary projectors, too, they are not so popular like the EIKI and ELMO projectors in the world.

YOKOGAWA bought all rights of projectors with the same brand-name from HOKUSHIN ELECTRIC WORKS, LTD. (later HOKUSHIN PRECISION CO., LTD.) in Tokyo.

HOKUSHIN SC-210

These X series with Xenon lamps are based on the SC-210 model.

ELMO LX-2200

ELMO is a worldwide known brand of 16mm portable projectors with their 16-CL and 16-AL portable series since many years. While the EIKI stationary projectors are so popular in the world, the ELMO stationary projectors are less known outside Japan.

ELMO 16-AA R

ELMO 16-AA and AAR (Recording) AUTO LOAD

ELMO 16-CL

ELMO 16-CL M+O CHANNEL LOADING

ELMO 16-AL R

ELMO 16-AL and ALR (Recording) AUTO LOAD

ELMO LX-2200

The LX-1100 model is also available.

LX-1100/LX-2200 Specifications

Power supply: Single phase AC 100-260V, 50 or 60Hz LX-1100; Single phase AC 200-260V, 50 or 60Hz LX-2200
Power consumption: 3.4KVA LX-1100; 4.6KVA LX-2200
Film: 16mm optical and magnetic sound films and 16mm optical sound film recorded with laser recording system, plus 16mm optical stereo/2-track sound films (LX-2200 only)
Projection speed: 24 fps
Reverse projection: Possible
Remote projection: Possible (with optional remote control)
Changeover projection: Possible (with optional connection cable)
Rewinding: High-speed rewinding without changing over reels
Film break interlock switch: Provided. In case film breaks during projection by accident, projector stops automatically.
Hour meter: Built-in
Loop restorer: Automatic
Reel capacity: 1800 m (6000 ft)
Tilting: -15° to +5°
Projector body: Substantially casting aluminum alloy and steel sheet
Projection lamp: 1000W Ozone-free Xenon-arc lamp LX-1100; 2000W Ozone-free Xenon-arc lamp LX-2200
Lamp current: Max. 50A LX-1100; Max. 80A LX-2200
Light condensing system: Multi-reflective with Oval mirror and Cold mirror installed in the lamphouse
Projection lens: F/1.2 f-50mm Elmo projection lens as standard (Available a variety of projection lenses as option)
Film transport mechanism: 3 sprockets; Intermittent film feeding apparatus provided with shutter and installed in a casing having therein Quadruple cam/Cylinder cam/Film transmitting claw/Gears; Film sending reel-arm; and Film winding device. Grease lubrication system. Automatic loop setter provided. Capable for reverse film-feeding.
Xenon-arc lamp actuator: Generator for high voltage with high frequency ampere controller and monitor ammeter, which are built in the projector body.
Exciter lamp: 4V-0.75A DC
Amplifier: Pre/Main amplifier 1 pc. LX-1100; Pre/Main amplifier 2 pcs. LX-2200
Aux output: 600 ohms balanced type, -15 dBm to +6 dBm
Aux input: 10 K-ohms, -20 dB to 0 dB
Speaker output: 8ohms 50W (Max. 60W) LX-1100; 8 ohms 50W + 50W (Max. 60W + 60W) LX-2200
Level indication: LED (Light Emitting Diode)
Tone control: Treble and Bass separate control
Public address: Possible
Noise-reducer terminal: Provided. (LX-2200 only)
Monitor speaker: Built-in 12cm speaker
Motors
Main: Synchronous motor 1 pc.
Film take-up/rewind: Torque motor 2 pcs.
Cooling: Induction motor 4 pcs.
Dimensions: 174 X 49 X 38 cm (68.5 X 19.3 X 15.0 in.)
Weight: 110 kgs. (243 lbs.) LX-1100; 120 kgs. (265 lbs.) LX-2200

and ALR (Recording)